Guide to Green Financing & Singapore Sovereign Green Bonds

According to a term sheet, the Singapore government aims to raise up to S$2.5 billion through a 30-year green bond. Named the Green Singapore Government …

ValueChampion Editorial Team

by ValueChampion Editorial Team on May 29, 2024

garden on a building

According to a term sheet, the Singapore government aims to raise up to S$2.5 billion through a 30-year green bond. Named the Green Singapore Government Securities (Infrastructure), it was open for retail investors to apply for the bonds between 23 May and 27 May 2024. Money raised from this bond will be used on projects covered under the city’s green investment framework.

Singapore is part of a global borrowing rush to finance projects that provide environmental benefits and support sustainable development. In 2023, the Republic raised S$700 million through a 50-year green bond, its very first green bond issuance, which was then used to fund infrastructure investments.

In 2024, governments and corporates have sold a record US$260 billion (S$350.3 billion) worth of green bonds, a 7% increase over the same period in 2023, according to Bloomberg data.

So what is a green bond, and is it something you would want to invest in? Read on to find out more about this new initiative and framework that you can potentially tap on to diversify your investment portfolio.

What is a Green Bond?

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Source: Pexels

A green bond is just like any other bond, a debt obligation typically asset-linked and backed by the issuer’s balance sheet. The ‘green’ in its name should give its main purpose away, as green bonds strive to raise funds for environmental and sustainability initiatives and developments.

To summarise, they are financial instruments that investors can buy in order to receive pay-outs while the proceeds raised from the bonds would be directed towards sustainable development projects.

Types of Green Bonds

There are many types of green bonds worldwide, and they include, but are not limited to the following:

1) “Use of Proceeds” bond

This is a standard debt obligation, and is secured by assets. An example of such a bond is the Barclays Green Bond.

2) “Use of Proceeds’ revenue bond

It is secured by the revenue generated from the issuer’s specific activities and projects, such as the building of a bridge.

3) “Project” bond

This type of bond is secured by the assets of a business project, as well as its balance sheet. One instance of this bond or fund type would be the Invesco Solar ETF.

4) “Securitisation (ABS)” bond

The Securitisation (ABS) bond is secured by assets and cash flows from a pool of grouped business projects. Tesla Energy is one such company, whose solar assets are backed by the cash flows from power purchase agreements.

Introduction To Green Financing

green investment eco friendly
Source: Pexels

Green financing is a way to promote sustainable initiatives and developments that have objectives pertaining to the environment and sustainability. This works by encouraging investments into such green projects instead of regular investment and businesses. By prioritising these sustainable projects, higher financial flow can go into green bonds and other green financial products such as sustainable investment funds and more.

Many may be concerned about the returns of green investments and financing, as it seems that firms with a higher emphasis on sustainability could incur higher costs of production. Hence, a key part and consideration of green financing is to balance out between sustainability and returns, ensuring that opportunities to boost both return rates and sustainability benefits are seized.

Singapore Taps Into Green Financing

The Singapore Green Plan 2030, also known as Green Plan, was a movement released by the government in 2021 to strengthen our national agenda on sustainable development.

In the subsequent years, concrete targets and steps have been laid out to advance sustainability efforts from all sectors, so that we can be better positioned to fulfil our commitments under the UN 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and Paris Agreement.

sg green plan eco friendly sustainability
Source: MOF

As environmental concerns as well as opportunities in green investing arise not only in Singapore but globally, the Singapore government and Ministry of Finance have been working on the development of the Singapore Green Bond Framework, as announced during Budget 2022.

The Singapore Green Bond Framework aims, with the issuance of its sovereign green bond, to issue S$35 billion worth of green bonds by 2030 to fund public sector green projects and green finance.

The issuance of this green bonds would be carried out by the Significant Infrastructure Government Loan Act 2021, also known as Singa, a government body which would be in charge of setting out the guidelines and frameworks for both the upcoming sovereign green bond, as well as green bonds and financing offered by business and corporations locally.

What Will The Money From Green Bonds Go Towards?

So where exactly would the funds and proceeds from the Singa green bonds raised be directed to? There will be a total of eight categories pertaining to sustainability, which money from the green bonds would finance. They are:

CategoryExamples of Eligible Expenditure
1Renewable EnergyExpansion of Renewables in the National Power Grid
2Energy EfficiencyEnergy Storage Systems (“ESS”)
3Green BuildingsSingapore Green Building Masterplan (“SGBMP”)
4Clean TransportationLand Transport Master Plan 2040
5Pollution Prevention, Control and Circular EconomyIntegrated Waste Management Facility (“IWMF”)
6Sustainable Water and Wastewater ManagementSingapore Water Story
7Climate Change AdaptationDevelopment of Coastal-Inland Flood Model to manage inland and coastal flood risks holistically
8Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources and Land UseTransforming Singapore into a City in Nature

The green bonds would be used for sustainability and environmental initiatives and efforts, in the form of building infrastructure, programmes and solutions to protect our environment, as long as they fulfil certain green criteria. An example would be the Tuas Nexus, set to be Singapore’s first integrated water and solid waste treatment facility.

The financing of projects covered within these eight categories would allow for greater governmental support of the move towards greater sustainability and long-term growth, contributing towards the fulfilment of the Green Plan Pillars and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It would also aid Singapore in transitioning to its goal of turning into a low-carbon economy.

With the Singapore Green Bond Framework, more green financing in Singapore and in the ASEAN region would be encouraged and achieved, which would then hopefully lead to sustainable development and growth in our economies.

How Do I Know If This Green Bond Is Safe?

eco friendly esg investing unsplash
Source: Unsplash

The Ministry of Finance has engaged Sustainalytics, an independent provider, to provide pre-issuance Second-Party Opinion (SPO) on the Singapore Green Bond Framework. To read more about this, you can visit either Sustainalytics or MOF’s page.

China’s Green Bond Market, as the second largest in the world, has also shown that green financing can have great potential. This is done through China’s vast market size as well as their policies to advance in this direction. Although Singapore may not enjoy consumer and corporate market sizes as large as China’s, the government and various organisational bodies have cemented many plans and implementations of sustainable policies and frameworks, which could spell good news for green projects and therefore green investors.

To further ensure that the Singapore Green Bond Framework is robust, another independent provider will be engaged by the Ministry of Finance to conduct annual verification on the Framework’s impact reporting and allocation alignment, especially in the case of material changes, if any.

The Gerard Business Services Consultancy (GBSC) will be reviewing the Framework regularly to ensure its alignment with ICMA Green Bond Principles and the ASEAN Green Bond Standards, so that we can be rest assured that the Framework adheres to best practices on the market. The latest versions will also be provided on the updated websites, to increase transparency amongst green investors.

ESG Investing Is On The Rise

green investment
Source: Unsplash

Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) investing has also been on the rise in recent years. ESG investing is a form of sustainable investing, and it focuses on how the companies deal with the environment and ecosystem, their stakeholders as well as their compliance measures.

As ESG is a burgeoning branch of investment, it is crucial for investors to equip themselves with ample understanding of it before getting started on their ESG investing journey.

Alternative to the Green Bond: Singapore Savings Bond (SSB)

If the new sovereign green bond initiative has sparked your interest in delving into bonds to form part of your investment portfolio, you could also take a look at the Singapore Savings Bond, a government-issued bond that is issued monthly.

Our review on the Singapore Savings Bond (SSB) highlights its features, benefits and also alternatives to the SSB, for you to decide if it is a worthy investment, given the recent increase in its interest rates.

If you do indeed decide to invest in the SSB, the article also provides a step-by-step guide on how to start investing in the SSB, which could prove useful for any Singaporean investor looking to diversify their investment portfolio.


With sustainability being one of the main priorities of the Singapore economy in the long run and in the future, the greenification of many sectors in our economy is likely to provide huge potential for long-term growth.

As our nation moves towards the advancement of our green targets and goals, the Singapore Green Bond Framework will be here to guide green financing in Singapore, and we can look forward to infrastructure being built in efforts to strengthen our transition towards a green and sustainable economy and country for all.


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